Chart Detail

Change in sources of comprehensive income for non-elderly households in the middle fifth, selected years, 1979–2007 (2011 dollars)

Income Wages and imputed taxes Capital income Pensions and other income Cash transfers Employer- sponsored insurance In-kind income*
1979 $61,062 $51,184 $3,196 $1,541 $2,172 $2,550 $420
1989 62,785 50,941 3,965 2,391 2,055 3,010 424
1995 64,720 51,213 3,116 2,803 2,617 3,915 1,056
2000 69,495 55,813 3,491 3,106 2,477 3,456 1,151
2007 73,194 56,495 3,405 3,680 3,182 4,569 1,863
Average annual change
1979–1989 0.3% 0.0% 2.2% 4.5% -0.6% 1.7% 0.1%
1989–1995 0.5 0.1 -3.9 2.7 4.1 4.5 16.4
1995–2000 1.4 1.7 2.3 2.1 -1.1 -2.5 1.7
2000–2007 0.7 0.2 -0.4 2.5 3.6 4.1 7.1
1979–2007 0.6 0.4 0.2 3.2 1.4 2.1 5.5
Total change
1979–1989 $1,723 -$243 $769 $850 -$117 $460 $4
1989–1995 1,935 271 -849 412 562 906 633
1995–2000 4,775 4,601 375 304 -140 -460 95
2000–2007 3,699 681 -86 574 705 1,114 711
1979–2007 12,133 5,311 210 2,140 1,010 2,019 1,443
Share of total change
1979–1989 100.0% -14.1% 44.6% 49.3% -6.8% 26.7% 0.2%
1989–1995 100.0 14.0 -43.9 21.3 29.1 46.8 32.7
1995–2000 100.0 96.3 7.9 6.4 -2.9 -9.6 2.0
2000–2007 100.0 18.4 -2.3 15.5 19.1 30.1 19.2
1979–2007 100.0 43.8 1.7 17.6 8.3 16.6 11.9

* In-kind income does not include employer-sponsored insurance.

Source: Authors' analysis of Congressional Budget Office (2010c)

Updated May 22, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Underlying data are unpublished data on income source by family type from the Congressional Budget Office related to its 2010 Web resource, Average Federal Taxes by Income Group. “Imputed taxes” are taxes that are not directly paid by households to government (such as the employer’s share of the payroll tax), but which are “paid” in the form of lower wages and thus are added by the CBO to actual, observed wages to produce the measure of “pretax” income. “Other income” in the pensions category includes withdrawals from 401 (k) plans and traditional pensions, and a small category of “other income” that CBO links with pension income in its reports. The income levels for “Wages and imputed taxes” column and the “Pensions and other income” columns are calculated by the sum of the product of the shares of wages and imputed taxes multiplied by average pretax income for each income group and the sum of the product of the share of pensions and other income multiplied by average pretax income. The contribution to shares from income sources is calculated by multiplying the change in the types of income sources by the changes in the total income for non-elderly households. Data are inflated to 2011 dollars using the CPI-U-RS. Note that the unpublished CBO data are unrounded, and produce slightly different income dollar values than the publicly available CBO dataset underlying Figures 2M and 2Z.

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