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Median family income, by race and ethnicity, 1947–2010 (2011 dollars)

As a share of white family income
White Black* Hispanic** Black Hispanic
1947 $27,807 $14,216 n.a. 51.1% n.a.
1969 53,120 32,537 n.a. 61.3 n.a.
1979 59,013 33,417 $40,910 56.6 69.3%
1989 63,004 35,393 41,062 56.2 65.2
1995 62,494 38,057 36,005 60.9 57.6
2000 69,259 43,983 44,983 63.5 64.9
2007 69,886 43,545 44,003 62.3 63.0
2010 65,138 39,715 40,785 61.0 62.6
Average annual change
1947–1969 3.0% 3.8% n.a.
1969–1979 1.1 0.3 n.a.
1979–1989 0.7 0.6 0.0%
1989–2000 -0.1 1.2 0.8
1995–2000 2.1 2.9 4.6
2000–2007 0.1 -0.1 -0.3
1979–2007 0.5 0.8 0.2
2007–2010 -2.3 -3.0 -2.5

* Prior to 1967, data for blacks include all nonwhites.

** Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Note: Data are for money income.

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement Historical Income Tables (Table F-5)

Updated May 21, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Underlying data are from Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement Historical Income Tables, Table F-5, “Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder—Families by Median and Mean Income: 1947–2010.” Unlike with CPS microdata analyses presented in the book, race and ethnicity categories are not mutually exclusive (i.e., persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race, and white and black Hispanics are counted in the white and black columns as well as the Hispanic column). Data are inflated to 2011 dollars using the CPI-U-RS.

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