Chart Detail

Share of market-based personal income, by income type, selected years, 1959–2010

Share of income
Income type 1959 1973 1979 1989 2000 2007 2010
Total capital income 13.3% 13.8% 15.0% 20.8% 19.3% 19.7% 18.7%
Rent 4.2 2.2 1.1 1.0 2.6 1.3 3.2
Dividends 3.3 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.6 7.1 6.5
Interest 5.8 8.8 11.0 16.3 12.0 11.3 9.1
Total labor income 73.6% 75.6% 75.8% 71.2% 70.7% 70.5% 71.9%
Wages and salaries 68.0 66.0 63.4 58.7 59.0 57.6 57.8
Fringe benefits 5.5 9.5 12.4 12.5 11.7 12.9 14.1
Proprietors’ income* 13.2% 10.6% 9.2% 8.0% 10.0% 9.8% 9.4%
Total market-based personal income** 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Realized capital gains*** 1.64% 1.55% 1.4% 3.3% 7.7% 8.1% 2.4%

* Business and farmowners' income

** Total of listed income types

*** The fall in realized capital gains in 2010 is due to the economic impact of the 2007 recession.

Source: Authors' analysis of Bureau of Economic Analysis National Income and Product Accounts, and Internal Revenue Service SOI Tax Stats (Table 1 and Historical Table 1)

Updated June 14, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Underlying data for total capital income, rent, dividends, interest, total labor income, wages and salaries, fringe benefits, and proprietors’ income are from Bureau of Economic Analysis National Income and Product Accounts, Table 2.1, “Personal Income and Its Disposition.” Underlying data for realized capital gains come from the Internal Revenue Service, SOI Tax Stat–Individual Time Series Statistical Tables, Historical Table 1, “All Individual Income Tax Returns: Sources of Income and Tax Items, Tax Years 1913–2005,” and Table 1, “Individual Income Tax Returns: Selected Income and Tax Items for Specified Tax Years, 1999–2009.” Rent, dividends, interest, total labor income, wages and salaries, fringe benefits, proprietors’ income, and net capital gains are divided by the total market income (the sum of total capital income, total labor income, and proprietors’ income) for select years.

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