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Long-term unemployment, by demographic group, education, and occupation, 2000–2011

2000 2007 2011
All 11.4% 17.6% 43.7%
Gender Men 12.2% 18.2% 44.0%
Women 10.6 16.8 43.3
Education Less than high school 10.6% 15.8% 39.0%
High school 11.8 18.2 44.9
Some college 10.8 17.2 45.1
College degree 13.2 18.9 44.3
Advanced degree 14.1 22.2 45.9
Race and ethnicity White 9.6% 16.2% 42.4%
Black 15.0 23.8 49.9
Hispanic 12.2 14.3 39.8
Occupation Management, business, and financial operations 14.7% 19.0% 49.7%
Professional 10.6 19.0 42.4
Service 11.3 16.5 39.8
Sales 8.8 17.0 46.1
Office and administrative support 11.9 17.8 48.6
Farming, fishing, and forestry 8.0 14.8 22.9
Construction and extraction 9.1 14.3 43.2
Installation, maintenance, and repair 14.8 17.6 49.8
Production, transportation, and material moving 13.0 19.5 46.3
Age 16–24 7.3% 11.9% 30.0%
25–34 10.5 17.1 42.6
35–44 13.5 19.8 47.6
45–54 15.8 23.6 52.0
55+ 19.6 22.7 55.1

Note: Long-term unemployment measures the share of unemployed workers who have been unemployed for more than six months.

Source: Authors' analysis of basic monthly Current Population Survey microdata

Updated May 15, 2012

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