Chart Detail

Child poverty rate in selected developed countries, 2009

Note: The child poverty rate is the share of children living in households with income below half of household-size-adjusted median income.

Source: Adamson (2012, Figure 1b)

Updated July 10, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Underlying data are from UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre Report Card 10 (Adamson 2012), Figure 1b, “Child Poverty Rate.” The poverty rate is the percentage of children (age 0–17) living in households with equivalent income lower than 50 percent of the national median, where equivalent income is disposable income, adjusted for family size and composition. UNICEF uses a modified equivalence scale to adjust for household size by weighting the first adult in the household by 1, the subsequent adults by .5, and children under age 14 by .3, then summing the weights up and dividing total household income by the total weight. We chose countries based on their productivity per worker hour using the “PPP Converted GDP Laspeyres Per Hour Worked by Employees at 2005 Constant Prices” series from Penn World Table Version 7.0 (Heston, Summers, and Aten 2011) and excluded countries whose productivity is less than half that of the United States.

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