Chart Detail

Child poverty gap in selected developed countries, 2009

Note: The child poverty gap is the gap between the poverty line and the median income of children below the poverty line, taken as a share of the poverty line. The poverty line is defined as half of household-size-adjusted median income.

Source: Adamson (2012, Figure 7)

Updated July 10, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Underlying data are from UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre Report Card 10 (Adamson 2012), Figure 7, “The Poverty Gap.” The child poverty gap is the distance between the poverty line and the median family income of children below the poverty line, expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This is calculated by lining up all individuals in households by household-size-adjusted income (with children taking their family income value) and then locating the poverty line, which is 50 percent of national median income. UNICEF uses a modified equivalence scale to adjust for household size by weighting the first adult in the household by 1, the subsequent adults by .5, and children under age 14 by .3, then summing the weights up and dividing total household income by the total weight. The median income of children below the poverty line is then calculated. Then the gap between the poverty line and the median income of children is then taken as a share of the poverty line. For example, for a country with a median income of $50,000, the poverty line is $25,000. If the median income for children living below $25,000 is $15,000, the difference is $25,000

Get the data behind the charts.

Explore Our Charts

Subject

Demographic

Select a subject or demographic

Interactive feature

Interactive feature promo image When income grows, who gains?

For the media

Economic Policy Institute Media Relations Department (202) 775–8810 |