Chart Detail

Employer-provided health insurance coverage, by demographic and wage group, 1979–2010

Health insurance coverage (%) Change
Group* 1979 1989 1995 2000 2007 2010 1979–1989 1989–2000 2000–2007 2007–2010 1979–2010
All workers 69.0% 61.5% 58.5% 58.9% 55.0% 53.1% -7.4 -2.7 -3.9 -1.9 -15.9
Gender
Men 75.4% 66.8% 62.6% 63.2% 58.4% 55.8% -8.7 -3.6 -4.8 -2.6 -19.6
Women 59.4 54.9 53.3 53.6 51.8 49.9 -4.5 -1.3 -1.8 -1.9 -9.5
Race
White 70.3% 64.0% 61.7% 62.7% 59.6% 57.8% -6.3 -1.2 -3.2 -1.8 -12.5
Black 63.1 56.3 53.0 55.4 52.4 49.5 -6.8 -0.9 -3.0 -2.9 -13.6
Hispanic 60.4 46.0 42.1 41.8 37.3 36.3 -14.3 -4.3 -4.5 -1.0 -24.1
Education
High school 69.6% 61.2% 56.3% 56.2% 51.1% 47.9% -8.4 -5.0 -5.0 -3.2 -21.6
College 79.6 75.0 72.1 71.3 68.8 66.4 -4.6 -3.8 -2.5 -2.4 -13.3
Wage fifth
Bottom 37.9% 26.4% 26.0% 27.4% 24.3% 20.5% -11.5 1.0 -3.0 -3.8 -17.4
Second 60.5 51.7 49.5 50.9 45.9 43.6 -8.8 -0.8 -5.0 -2.3 -16.9
Middle 74.7 67.5 62.9 63.9 60.3 59.4 -7.2 -3.6 -3.6 -0.9 -15.3
Fourth 83.5 78.0 74.0 73.7 69.8 68.8 -5.5 -4.3 -3.9 -1.0 -14.6
Top 89.5 84.7 81.5 79.9 76.9 76.1 -4.7 -4.8 -3.0 -0.8 -13.4

* Private-sector wage and salary workers age 18–64 who worked at least 20 hours per week and 26 weeks per year

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata

Updated May 14, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Table is based on tabulations of CPS-ASEC data samples of private wage-and-salary earners ages 18–64 who worked at least 20 hours per week and 26 weeks per year. This sample is chosen to focus on those with regular employment. Coverage is defined as being included in an employer-provided plan for which the employer paid for at least some of the coverage. As with other CPS microdata analyses presented in the book, race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

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