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Hourly wage growth by gender and race/ethnicity, 1989–2011 (2011 dollars)

Real hourly wage Change
1989 1995 2000 2007 2011 1989–2000 1989–1995 1995–2000 2000–2007 2007–2011
Men
Median wage
White $19.01 $18.29 $19.84 $20.33 $19.76 4.4% -3.8% 8.5% 2.4% -2.8%
Black 13.76 13.37 14.56 14.61 14.26 5.8 -2.8 8.9 0.3 -2.4
Hispanic 12.79 11.65 12.84 13.23 12.74 0.4 -8.9 10.2 3.0 -3.7
Asian 17.77 17.57 19.80 21.92 21.41 11.4 -1.1 12.7 10.7 -2.3
High school wage*
White $18.67 $17.86 $19.08 $19.16 $18.80 2.2% -4.3% 6.8% 0.4% -1.8%
Black 14.91 14.29 15.32 14.93 14.61 2.7 -4.2 7.2 -2.5 -2.1
Hispanic 15.47 14.68 15.48 15.97 15.31 0.1 -5.1 5.5 3.1 -4.1
Asian 16.33 15.93 16.99 17.20 16.22 4.1 -2.4 6.6 1.2 -5.7
Women
Median wage
White $13.31 $13.63 $14.88 $15.95 $15.89 11.8% 2.4% 9.2% 7.2% -0.4%
Black 11.86 11.73 13.04 13.27 13.13 9.9 -1.1 11.2 1.8 -1.1
Hispanic 10.58 10.37 11.04 11.65 11.77 4.3 -2.0 6.5 5.5 1.0
Asian 13.78 14.02 15.91 16.55 16.42 15.4 1.8 13.4 4.0 -0.8
High school wage*
White $13.11 $13.31 $14.09 $14.57 $14.42 7.5% 1.6% 5.8% 3.4% -1.0%
Black 12.09 11.99 12.94 13.24 12.69 7.0 -0.9 8.0 2.3 -4.2
Hispanic 12.17 12.26 12.74 12.98 12.79 4.7 0.8 3.9 1.9 -1.5
Asian 12.48 12.62 13.57 13.22 13.02 8.8 1.1 7.6 -2.6 -1.5

* Average wage of high school–educated workers

Source: Authors' analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

Updated May 14, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Table is based on analysis of CPS wage data described in Appendix B. As with other CPS microdata analyses presented in the book, race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

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