Chart Detail

Mexican and other immigrants' share of U.S. workforce, by gender, 1940–2011

Share of workforce* (Decennial Census) Share of workforce* (CPS) Change
1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2000 2011 1980–1990 1990–2000 2000–2011
Immigrants
All 9.8% 7.3% 6.0% 5.2% 6.5% 8.8% 13.2% 13.4% 16.2% 2.3 4.4 2.8
Mexican 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 2.0 4.0 3.9 5.1 0.9 2.0 1.2
Other 9.5 6.9 5.6 4.8 5.4 6.8 9.2 9.6 11.1 1.4 2.4 1.5
Immigrant men
All 10.9% 7.8% 6.1% 5.0% 6.4% 9.4% 14.5% 15.0% 17.9% 3.0 5.1 2.9
Mexican 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.3 2.5 5.1 5.0 6.4 1.2 2.6 1.4
Other 10.5 7.4 5.7 4.5 5.1 6.9 9.4 10.0 11.5 1.8 2.5 1.5
Immigrant women
All 6.9% 6.0% 5.9% 5.4% 6.5% 8.2% 11.7% 11.6% 14.2% 1.7 3.5 2.6
Mexican 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.4 2.8 2.5 3.5 0.5 1.4 1.0
Other 6.7 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.6 6.8 8.9 9.1 10.7 1.2 2.1 1.6

* Population 18 to 64 years old

Source: Borjas and Katz (2005, Figure 1) and authors' analysis of Current Population Survey basic monthly microdata

Updated May 17, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Data are from Figure 1 in Borjas and Katz (2005) and authors’ computations of Current Population Survey basic monthly microdata for 2000 and 2011.

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