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Characteristics of workers affected by proposed minimum-wage increase to $9.80 in 2014

Directly Indirectly* Total Total workforce
Total (millions) 19.5 8.9 28.4 127.4
Share of workforce 15.3% 7.0% 22.3% 100.0%
Gender
Female 56.1% 51.1% 54.5% 48.3%
Male 43.9 48.9 45.5 51.7
Work hours
Part time (<20 hrs/week) 17.1% 10.4% 15.0% 5.9%
Mid time (20–34 hrs/week) 33.9 24.4 30.9 14.5
Full time (35+ hrs/week) 49.1 65.2 54.1 79.6
Family status
Married parent 15.9% 21.5% 17.6% 27.2%
Single parent 10.5 10.1 10.4 7.5
Age
Age 20+ 84.7% 95.0% 87.9% 96.6%
Under 20 15.3 5.0 12.1 3.4
Race/ethnicity
White 56.2% 55.9% 56.1% 67.4%
African American 14.1 14.5 14.2 10.9
Hispanic 23.9 23.0 23.6 15.0
Asian 5.8 6.6 6.1 6.8
Industry
Retail trade 24.5% 17.3% 22.2% 11.7%
Leisure and hospitality 23.4 14.3 20.6 9.4
Other 52.1 68.3 57.2 78.8
Occupation
Sales 21.0% 12.5% 18.3% 10.5%
Service 37.7 31.3 35.7 18.0
Other 41.3 56.2 46.0 71.5

* Indirectly affected workers currently have a wage rate between $9.80 (the proposed minimum wage) and $12.35 (the proposed minimum wage plus the $2.55 increase from the current minimum wage of $7.25). They would receive a raise as employer pay scales adjust upward to reflect the new minimum wage.

Source: Cooper (2012) analysis of Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

Updated May 17, 2012

Documentation and methodology

Table is based on Cooper (2012) analysis of CPS Outgoing Rotation Group microdata. As with other CPS microdata analyses presented in the book, race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

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