Income

Income, which includes resources earned from work, returns on investment, and government transfers and benefits (e.g. Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and unemployment insurance), is a key determinant of living standards. A comprehensive look at family and household income reveals that growing inequality has led to economic progress for low- and middle-income families that lags far behind the economy’s potential.

The basic contours of American incomes

The Great Recession and American incomes

Rising inequality of American incomes

How much did middle-income living standards actually rise between 1979 and 2007?

Get the data behind the charts.

Explore Our Charts

Subject

Demographic

Select a subject or demographic

Interactive feature

Interactive feature promo image When income grows, who gains?

For the media

Economic Policy Institute Media Relations Department (202) 775–8810 |