The State of Working America 12th Edition

Change in household income across the income distribution

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Chapter contents

  • The basic contours of American incomes
    • Family and household money income
      This section contains these charts: 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.4
    • Median family income as a metric of economic performance
      This section contains these charts: 2A | 2B
    • A look at income by income fifths
      This section contains these charts: 2C
    • Median family income by race, ethnicity, and nativity
      This section contains these charts: 2.5 | 2D | 2E
  • The Great Recession and American incomes
    • Impact by income group
      This section contains these charts: 2F | 2G | 2H
    • Impact by race and ethnicity
    • Income losses projected for years to come
      This section contains these charts: 2I | 2J
  • Rising inequality of American incomes
    • Family income inequality
      This section contains these charts: 2K | 2L
    • Unequal growth of comprehensive household incomes suggests diverging well-being
      This section contains these charts: 2M
    • Sharp rise in income inequality apparent in every major data source
      This section contains these charts: 2.6 | 2AA | 2AB
    • The limited impact of taxes and transfers relative to market income
      This section contains these charts: 2N | 2O | 2P | 2Q | 2.7 | 2R | 2.8 | 2S
    • Factors behind the large rise in inequality of market incomes
      This section contains these charts: 2T | 2.9 | 2U | 2V | 2.10 | 2.11 | 2.12 | 2W | 2X | 2Y
  • How much did middle-income living standards actually rise between 1979 and 2007?
    • Measuring living standards at the middle
      This section contains these charts: 2Z
    • Sources of income for the middle fifth
      This section contains these charts: 2.13
    • Income growth for the middle fifth has been driven largely by elderly households’ pension and transfer income
    • Adjusting income for the truer contribution of health care transfers
    • Disproportionate growth of transfers directed toward elderly households
      This section contains these charts: 2.14 | 2.15 | 2.16
    • The role of hours worked and educational upgrading in wage growth
      This section contains these charts: 2.17 | 2.18 | 2.19
    • Little of the growth of middle incomes can be attributed to a well-functioning economy

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