The State of Working America 12th Edition

Cumulative change in total economy productivity and real hourly compensation of production/nonsupervisory workers, 1948–2013

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Chapter contents

  • Describing wage trends
    • The decade of lost wage growth
      This section contains these charts: 4A
    • Contrasting work hours and hourly wage growth
      This section contains these charts: 4.1
    • Contrasting compensation and wage growth
      This section contains these charts: 4.2
    • Wages of production and nonsupervisory workers
      This section contains these charts: 4.3 | 4B
    • Wage trends by wage level
      This section contains these charts: 4.4 | 4C | 4.5 | 4.6 | 4D
    • Shifts in low-wage jobs
      This section contains these charts: 4E | 4F
    • Trends among very high earners fuel growing wage inequality
      This section contains these charts: 4G | 4.7 | 4.8 | 4H
    • Trends in benefit growth and inequality
      This section contains these charts: 4.9. 4.10 | 4.11 | 4I | 4J | 4.12
  • Dimensions of wage inequality
    This section contains these charts: 4.13
    • Gaps between higher- and lower-wage workers
      This section contains these charts: 4K | 4L | 4M
    • Gaps between workers with different education and experience levels
      This section contains these charts: 4N
    • The gap between workers with comparable education and experience
    • Rising education/wage differentials
      This section contains these charts: 4.14 | 4.15 | 4.16 | 4.17 | 4O
    • Young workers’ wages
      This section contains these charts: 4.18 | 4P | 4Q | 4R | 4S
    • The growth of within-group wage inequality
      This section contains these charts: 4.19 | 4.20
    • Wage inequality by race/ethnicity and gender
      This section contains these charts: 4.21 | 4.22 | 4T
  • Productivity and the compensation/productivity gap
    This section contains these charts: 4U | 4V | 4.23
  • Factors driving wage inequality
    • Unemployment
      This section contains these charts: 4W | 4.24
    • The shift to low-paying industries
      This section contains these charts: 4.25
    • Employer health care costs
      This section contains these charts: 4.26 | 4.27 | 4X
    • Trade and wages
      This section contains these charts: 4Y | 4Z | 4AA | 4.28 | 4.29 | 4.30 | 4AB
    • Immigration
      This section contains these charts: 4.31 | 4.32
    • Unionization
      This section contains these charts: 4AC | 4.33 | 4.34 | 4.35 | 4.36 | 4.37 | 4.38
    • The decline in the real value of the minimum wage
      This section contains these charts: 4.39 | 4AD | 4AE | 4.40 | 4AF | 4AG | 4.41
    • Executive and finance sector pay
      This section contains these charts: 4.42 | 4.43 | 4AH
    • Explaining wage inequality: Bringing the factors together
  • Technology and skill mismatches
    • What is the appeal of the technology story?
    • Education gaps and wage inequality
      This section contains these charts: 4.44
    • The slowdown in the growth of demand for college graduates
      This section contains these charts: 4AI
    • Within-group wage inequality
    • The labor market difficulties of college graduates
      This section contains these charts: 4AJ | 4.45 | 4AK
  • Jobs of the future
    This section contains these charts: 4.46 | 4AL

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